A simplified procedure for the direct awarding of planning services for amounts less than 40 thousand Euro has been established to place the cultural and landscape assets damaged by the earthquakes that hit the regions of central Italy in safe conditions. Note 51 dated 25 November (revised on 7 December) issued by the Italian Ministry of Cultural Assets established that companies must place the cultural assets of the territories hit by the earthquake in safe conditions by following specific rules.Or rather, if the mayor, the person responsible for the municipality or fire brigade operators, following inspection, state the need to demolish (even partially) a damaged asset to protect the safety of the public, the permits provided under applicable regulations are acquired with consent indicated through notation in the minutes signed by the representative of cultural assets.
The legislator started to progressively update the seismic code, which resumed with Ministerial Decree dated 14 September 2005, in turn the object of revision by Ministerial Decree 14 January 2008 on the “Approval of the new Technical Construction Regulations” and its subsequent amendments and additions (hereinafter in this document referred to as NTC 2008) and the issuance of a new explanation issued with the Order of the President of the Council of Ministers 14 January 2014 “National rescue program for the seismic risk”.
The Italian Gas Committee’s Guidelines No. 13 (November 2014 edition) (Click to find out more)
The seismic risk affects large parts of Italy. Current legislation imposes precise obligations for gas transport and distribution companies to ensure the operation of managed infrastructures that, in the event of earthquakes, must suffer limited damage so that the safety of those involved is not jeopardised and there is a quick return to normality for the people affected.
Contents of the updated regulatory framework applicable to the gas sector
Specific criteria to be followed in designing new gas pipelines
Parameters for analysing vulnerability and risk of existing networks and installations
Responsibility rests with the various stakeholders (gas companies, government agencies, clients) Measures to be included in action plans and the related priorities
Specific technical solutions and possible methods for mitigating risk
Applicability of methods for managing emergencies Learning assessment test
The document produced aims to offer a first contribution to those working in the planning of interventions on hospital property, by summarising the fundamental parts of the analysis and providing some references to provide further knowledge regarding decisions and conduct. For a community hit by an earthquake the hospital, a macrostructure overcrowded by thousands of people with very different reactive capabilities, is the most exposed and sensitive place, but it is also the vital organ, where, in stressful conditions, prompt and efficient requests must be handled to contain the damage caused by the earthquake. If the hospital can absorb the load of the earthquake impact and continue to offer medical comfort, the community finds one of its cornerstones, on which to attest to the reaction and recovery. Appropriate safeguarding of a nerve centre such as the hospitals is correlated with the level of knowledge available: the prediction of performance, both structural and otherwise, differs depending on the magnitude and frequency of the expected seismic activity, the resilience of members and systems, both building and plant-related, deviates significantly from the assumptions of models as much as they simplify the existing reality.
THE “SEVESO III DIRECTIVE” – LEGISLATIVE DECREE 105 dated 26 June 2015 Italy implemented European Directive 2012/18 (Seveso III) on controlling the danger of major accidents related to hazardous substances. This Directive, regarding the control of major accident hazards, replaces European Directive 96/82 (the so-called “Seveso II”) and 2003/105, and its implementing decrees, legislative decrees 334/99 and 238/05.The updating of the EU legislation on the control of major accident hazards relating to certain dangerous substances is mainly due to the need to adapt the legislation to the recent change to the chemicals classification system.This change was introduced with EC Regulation 1272/2008 on the classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures, for the purpose of harmonizing the system for identifying and cataloguing chemicals within the European Union with that adopted internationally within the UN (GHS – Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals).
Most storage of flammable chemical products relating to Annex C of this Legislative Decree, appear to be inadequate in the following aspects:
1.2 – historical analysis of accidents
3.1 – lack of \ data
3.2 – analysis of seismic risk, conducted in the same way as the incidental analysis, with the purpose of establishing whether the possible seismic vulnerability of buildings and structures installed may result in an increase of the already identified accident scenarios, or if they result in new ones, or rather, if it involves an out-of-service of installations and protective equipment that could affect such situations.
Standard EN 81-77 with the publishing of the new standard to classify lifts concerning standard EN 81-77 promoted by the CEN/TC10 – which deals with standardising lifts for the European Union, the issue has become even more important since the lift with reduced seismic vulnerability has been culpably neglected in recent years. The matter is even more significant if we consider countries such as Italy and, only within Europe, Greece, Romania, Portugal, Turkey and some parts of Spain and France. This legislation provides that the elevator be conceived, designed and manufactured while bearing in mind the degree of the seismic area in which it is installed.
The Fire Brigade Department has published the technical guide entitled Guidelines for reducing the seismic vulnerability of fire protection installations.” (December 2011 edition)This instrument was designed with the purpose of providing minimum requirements for seismic safety considered necessary to obtain installation conditions and features that ensure the safety of people, the maintenance of functionality and the immediate recovery. The guide offers preventive-type instructions to avoid difficult or hazardous situations for people in case of an earthquake, related to the evacuablity of the places and the generation of induced effects associated with the fire risk such as, for example, the release of hazardous and flammable substances.
Starting Points on the general criteria for the seismic classification of the national territory and technical standards for building in seismic areas.
Article 2, paragraph 3 states: Respective owners are required to check, according to the rules set out in the above-mentioned Annexes, buildings of strategic interest* and infrastructures the functionality of which during earthquakes is of fundamental importance for the purposes of civil protection, both of buildings and infrastructures that can assume importance in connection with the consequences of an eventual collapse. The checks referred to in this paragraph must be carried out within five years from the date of this order and primarily concern buildings and structures located in earthquake zones 1 and 2, as defined in Annex 1.
* The main elements of all public meeting places such as hospitals, shopping malls, cinemas, supermarkets, kindergartens, schools, museums, hotels, restaurants, sports arenas, stadiums, theatres, post offices, gyms, churches, places of worship, must be the subject of periodic verification through structural expert opinions issued by licensed professionals (structural engineers).
Although this order dates back to 2003, we notice the fact that our Country still lacks “civic awareness”. Those responsible for these structures do not consider that in principle they are to become involved in the case of seismic and hydrogeological disasters and/or calamities.